Learn about the key differences between Medicare and Medicare Advantage, including coverage, cost, provider networks, and prescription drug coverage, to make an informed decision about your healthcare options.

Introduction: Contrasting Medicare and Medicare Advantage

Navigating the realm of Medicare requires understanding the foundational differences between Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage. Original Medicare is a federally run program that serves as the bedrock of healthcare coverage for Americans aged 65 and older, along with certain younger individuals who qualify due to disability. This traditional option is segmented into parts: Part A, which primarily covers hospital stays and inpatient care, and Part B, which covers outpatient medical services such as doctor visits and preventive services. Notably, if beneficiaries need prescription drug coverage, they must opt into Part D, an additional policy that covers medication costs. For those seeking broader coverage, Medigap policies are available to cover expenses not handled by Parts A and B, such as deductibles and copayments.

In contrast, Medicare Advantage (Part C) presents a bundled alternative, allowing enrollees to receive their Medicare benefits through private insurance plans approved by Medicare. These plans not only include all the benefits of Parts A and B but often incorporate additional perks such as prescription drug coverage, dental, vision, and even wellness programs—all under one policy. The choice between Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage is pivotal, influencing not just the breadth of services and care you can access but also the financial aspect of managing health-related expenses. As healthcare needs and preferences vary widely among individuals, this decision shapes the overall healthcare experience, impacting everything from the choice of doctors to the cost of premiums and out-of-pocket expenses.

Key Differences Between Medicare and Medicare Advantage


Original Medicare provides comprehensive coverage for hospitalization (Part A) and outpatient services (Part B), but it does not inherently include prescription drug coverage, dental care, vision care, or hearing services unless additional policies like Part D or Medigap are purchased. In contrast, Medicare Advantage Plans typically bundle hospital care, medical services, and often prescription drug coverage (Part D) into one convenient plan. Additionally, many Medicare Advantage Plans offer extra benefits such as dental, vision, and hearing aids.

For example, if you’re someone who values having coverage for prescription drugs without managing multiple policies, a Medicare Advantage Plan might be more appealing. It offers a more comprehensive package including Part D, which is not automatically included in Original Medicare.


With Original Medicare, beneficiaries are responsible for paying standard premiums for Part B, and possibly Part A, along with deductibles and coinsurance for services rendered. There’s also no out-of-pocket maximum , meaning costs can accumulate without a cap. Conversely, Medicare Advantage Plans may offer lower or even $0 premiums and include set out-of-pocket limits, offering a safeguard against excessive healthcare spending. However, costs vary widely between plans, and it’s possible to encounter higher copayments or coinsurance for certain services.

Provider Networks

One of the most significant differences lies in provider networks. Original Medicare allows beneficiaries to visit any doctor or hospital that accepts Medicare, anywhere in the United States, without the need for referrals. In contrast, Medicare Advantage Plans typically use a network of providers, and members may need to choose a primary care doctor or get referrals to see specialists. For example, if you have a long-standing relationship with a healthcare provider, it’s crucial to check whether they’re in the network of any Medicare Advantage Plan you’re considering.

Prescription Drug Coverage

While Original Medicare requires you to purchase a separate Part D plan to cover prescription drugs, most Medicare Advantage Plans include drug coverage. This integrated approach can simplify your healthcare but requires careful examination of the plan’s formulary to ensure your medications are covered.

Enrollment Process

Navigating the enrollment process is a pivotal step in securing the right healthcare coverage, with each option presenting its unique pathway. For Original Medicare, enrollment is often automatic for individuals turning 65 or for those under 65 with certain disabilities. This automatic enrollment simplifies the process, ensuring that eligible beneficiaries receive their Medicare card without the need to apply, provided they are already receiving Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board benefits. However, if automatic enrollment doesn’t apply, individuals must sign up during their Initial Enrollment Period, a seven-month window that includes their 65th birthday month, three months before, and three months after.

On the other hand, Medicare Advantage requires a more proactive approach. Beneficiaries must first be enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B to be eligible for Medicare Advantage (Part C). They must then compare the various Medicare Advantage Plans available in their area, considering factors such as coverage options, provider networks, and out-of-pocket costs. The Annual Enrollment Period (AEP), from October 15 to December 7 each year, offers a timeframe to enroll in, switch, or drop Medicare Advantage Plans. This period is crucial for making informed decisions based on changing health needs or plan offerings.

Additional Benefits of Medicare Advantage

Many Medicare Advantage Plans offer supplemental benefits not covered by Original Medicare, such as dental, vision, hearing, and wellness programs. These benefits can significantly enhance the value of a plan, especially for beneficiaries with specific healthcare needs or those interested in more comprehensive healthcare coverage.

For instance, if regular dental check-ups and vision exams are important to you, finding a Medicare Advantage Plan that includes these benefits could save you from purchasing separate insurance policies or paying out of pocket.

Choosing Between Medicare and Medicare Advantage

Deciding between Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage is a significant choice that hinges on various personal factors, including your healthcare needs, financial situation, and the level of flexibility you desire in accessing medical services. Original Medicare, a federally provided service, is renowned for its broad acceptance among healthcare providers across the nation, ensuring you can receive care from any doctor or hospital that accepts Medicare, without the need for network restrictions. This option is particularly valuable for those who travel frequently or live in multiple states throughout the year. However, it’s important to note that Original Medicare does not typically include prescription drug coverage, necessitating enrollment in a separate Part D plan for those who require medications.

On the other hand, Medicare Advantage Plans, offered by private insurance companies approved by Medicare, often bundle hospital, medical, and sometimes prescription drug coverage into one comprehensive plan. These plans may also offer additional benefits not covered by Original Medicare, such as dental, vision, and hearing care, and even wellness programs or gym memberships, making them an attractive option for individuals seeking more inclusive coverage. However, these plans usually come with network restrictions, meaning you may have to see healthcare providers within a specific network to receive care at the lowest cost. This can be a limiting factor for those who have established relationships with providers or who need specialized care that’s not available within the plan’s network.

Given these differences, it’s essential to weigh your healthcare priorities against each plan’s offerings. If the freedom to choose any provider nationwide is paramount, Original Medicare could be the best fit. Conversely, if you value having a wide range of benefits under one plan and are comfortable with network restrictions, a Medicare Advantage Plan might be more suitable.

We’re Here to Help

Understanding the intricate details of Medicare and Medicare Advantage can sometimes feel like navigating a maze without a map. However, with the right guidance, the journey to selecting the best Medicare Plan for your needs becomes clearer and more manageable. At the Glidden Group, we pride ourselves on offering personalized assistance that demystifies the process of comparing and choosing between Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage Plans. Our experts are equipped to walk you through each step, ensuring that you grasp the nuances of coverage, costs, and the benefits that align with your health and lifestyle requirements. Whether you’re leaning towards the comprehensive nature of Medicare Advantage Plans with their additional benefits or prefer the broad provider access Original Medicare offers, we’re here to make your decision-making process as informed and straightforward as possible.

Choosing the right Medicare coverage is a decision that impacts not just your health, but your peace of mind and financial well-being. The Glidden Group is dedicated to understanding your individual healthcare needs, preferences, and financial situation to provide recommendations that truly fit. By leveraging our deep knowledge of the Medicare landscape and the variety of plans available, we help illuminate the path that leads to coverage that not only meets but exceeds your expectations. Don’t navigate this critical decision alone. For expert guidance and a partner in your Medicare journey, visit Glidden Group or reach out to us at (208) 962-0077. Let us help you find the Medicare coverage that’s right for you, tailoring our advice to ensure your healthcare coverage is as unique as you are.